Popular vote
Only one state had a popular vote twice on abortion.

South Dakota, a heartland state, in the November 2006 election with a large turnout 56% state-wide voted against a ban of abortions. In heavily Republican Pennington County 61% rejected the abortion ban; in Custer County in the conservative southern Black Hills 66% voted against the ban, the Associated Press reported. In the November 2008 election another ban was voted upon that, unlike the one two years before, had exceptions for rape, incest, and the health of the mother. This version was defeated state-wide with a higher voter turnout than two years before by a 55% vote.

If South Dakota, no liberal bastion, so voted twice, I feel Americans as a whole would also vote!

Opinion polls of American opinion since the Roe v Wade decision legalized abortion show more people lean to the pro-choice view than the anti-abortion position. Most polls find that a majority of people support abortion early in pregnancy and in case of rape and incest. More people are hesitant about later abortions. The polls clearly show that many Americans support a woman's right to make this critical decision.















"We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men and women are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness…"

—American Declaration of Independence
















Some translations of the Bible, such as the NIV, use different English words for the original Hebrew; the NIV footnote gives miscarriage as its alternate translation. The word translated 'miscarriage' is also in Job 3.16 "Or why was I not buried like a stillborn child...?", and in Psalms 58.8 "like the untimely birth that never sees the sun."

The NRSV and the New Jerusalem Bible both use the word 'miscarriage' as the most accurate translation of the ancient texts.















"If the woman is harmed," then the person causing the harm shall receive the same harm or injury, and if the woman dies, the person responsible will die! Compare "no further harm" of the death of a fetus to "if the woman is harmed." Jesus showed and taught that women are prized as persons in themselves. And Paul the apostle frequently referred to women by name as well-known fellow workers, leaders, and Apostles in the early Church.

















This part of the Biblical book of Exodus is a series of commands for dealing with problems in the early Hebrew community, such as, animals injuring or killing people, people injuring or killing people, and in 21.22–25 causing a miscarriage.

Exodus is one of the five books of the Jewish Torah or law: Genesis through Deuteronomy.

















Code of Hammurabi found by archaeologists and dated from the 18th century BCE (209, 210) says:

"If a seignior struck a[nother] seignior's daughter and has caused her to have a miscarriage [literally, caused her to drop that of her womb], he shall pay ten shekels of silver for her fetus. If that woman had died, they shall put his daughter to death."

Hittite Laws, (1.17):

"If anyone causes a free woman to miscarry [literally, drives out the embryo] — if (it is) the 10th month, he shall give 10 shekels of silver, if (it is) the 5th month, he shall give 5 shekels of silver..." The phrase "drives out the embryo" appears to relate to a miscarriage rather than to a premature birth.














Examples of Biblical passages that poetically mention life before birth are:

  • Psalm 139:13–17,
  • Isaiah 49:1,
  • Jeremiah 1:5–10,
  • Luke 1:41.

Are these factual and legal statements like Exodus 21.22–25, or poetic imagery? If poetic imagery, what were these Biblical writers wanting to say? That God's grace is as broad as creation and time? Psalm 139:14–17 and Jeremiah 1:6–10 sing poetically about the greatness of God.


















To the two of us, as Jews who are aware of Jewish religious law, it is ironic that traditional Judaism commands—not permits, commands—that if a fetus threatens the mother's life, the fetus be destroyed so that the mother can live. This law covers the whole pregnancy up to the moment when a newborn breathes on its own.

—Arthur Waskow and Phyllis O. Berman in Progressive Christian, Jan–Feb. 07, page 11





















Since a quarter to a third of pregnancies end with "spontaneous abortions," can we say God or biological factors perform most abortions — world wide?

To the two of us, as Jews who are aware of Jewish religious law, it is ironic that traditional Judaism commands—not permits, commands—that if a fetus threatens the mother's life, the fetus be destroyed so that the mother can live. This law covers the whole pregnancy up to the moment when a newborn breathes on its own.

—Arthur Waskow and Phyllis O. Berman in Progressive Christian, Jan–Feb. 07, page 11















Written by Wanda in her experience, chapter 3, of Abortion: My Choice, God's Grace edited by Anne Eggebroten. New Paradigm Books, 1994, page 45.

















"The most traditional and stubbornly held position in Catholic Christianity is that early abortions are not murder. Since the vast majority of abortions done today in the U. S., for example, are early abortions, they are not murder according to this Catholic tradition. Also, according to this Catholic tradition of delayed ensoulment, all pregnancy terminations resulting from the use of RU-486 would not qualify as the killing of a human person." Daniel C. Maguire, Sacred Choices, page 37.


















The first and significant event in Protestant churches was action on August 15, 1930 at the Lambeth Conference (Episcopal Church) favoring limited use of birth control.

Typical of the views of "main line" Protestant churches today is the official view of the United Methodist Church: "The beginning of life and the ending of life are the God-given boundaries of human existence. While individuals have always had some degree of control over when they would die, they now have the awesome power to determine when and even whether new individuals will be born. Our belief in the sanctity of unborn human life makes us reluctant to approve abortion. But we are equally bound to respect the sacredness of the life and well-being of the mother, for whom devastating damage may result from an unacceptable pregnancy. In continuity with past Christian teaching, we recognize tragic conflicts of life and life that may justify abortion, and in such cases we support the legal option of abortion under proper medical procedures.…" – United Methodist Book of Discipline ¶ 65, J













Reports from across the country during the last several years tell of epidemics of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) because teens avoid genital sex by having oral and anal sex. Having been taught that condoms are not reliable — medically and scientifically wrong! — they do not use them, and spread STD's and HIV-AIDS through oral and anal sex, while still remaining "vaginally virgin."
























See the American Psychologist for October 1992, pages 1194–1204 for a thorough analysis of post abortion reactions. The extreme of postpartum depression is mothers who in recent years drowned their children, or murdered them in other ways, under the pressure of their postpartum depression.

Joanne Mariner, now an attorney, wrote on a recent anniversary of Roe v. Wade that she was 17, living on her own, and found she was pregnant. "Since graduating from high school I had passed through a succession of menial, low-paying jobs.… With my pay stubs, proof of residence, and the dismaying results of a pregnancy test, I paid a visit to the welfare office and qualified for emergency Medi-Cal, California's program for the public funding of medical care. The abortion procedure was fast and relatively painless.…My recovery from the procedure was quick and without complications.

"The enormous sense of relief I felt after the operation has, over the years, ripened into gratitude. I was lucky that legal abortion was available and doubly lucky that the state of California was willing to fund it. Today not every woman facing an unwanted pregnancy is so fortunate." (Alter-Net.org, January 2004)

Anti-abortionists trumpet affidavits from women listing their post abortion medical and psychological problems; they do not talk about pre-existing conditions, and they imply that women cannot be trusted to decide for themselves about abortion! Women make life and death decisions as physicians and other professionals, while others such as Ms. Mariner, above, testify to their post abortion gratitude and health.


















Abortion is almost as old as childbirth. There has always been a need for some women to end their pregnancies. In modern times, the law’s attitude toward that need has varied. In the United States, at the time the Constitution was adopted, abortions before “quickening” were both legal and commonplace, often performed by midwives. In the nineteenth century, under the influence of the ascendant medical profession, which opposed abortion and wanted to control health care, states began to outlaw the procedure (Jeffrey Toobin, New Yorker). To read more about that history see Mary Ann Glendon's Abortion and Divorce in Western Law.

Another reason was conservative Christians believed the soul enters the zygote (fertilized ovum) at conception — a view no where in the Bible but based on Greek philosophy. Current conservative Christians believe zygotes and embryonic stem cells have eternal souls; they avoid talk about zygotes that are disposed of when parents decide they want no more children and do not donate them.

The first amendment establishment clause, resulting from experiences of the Founders, says no politician or political group shall impose or force their beliefs upon others.


















In 1941 1,360 deaths were reported from U.S. abortions in testimony in the U.S. Senate; deaths dropped sharply with the availability of sulfa and Penicillin. How many illegal abortions did not end in death but injury? The BBC told in October 2003 of a conference in Mexico City that reported high numbers of injuries and deaths from unsafe abortions; in Peru BBC reported 50,000 women a year either die or suffer serious complications after an illegal abortion.
















For a careful, scientific analysis of the best data about abortion and its effects click here and select the title "Abortion in Women's Lives."



















Stephanie Coontz in her thorough Marriage, a History describes the situation in the depression of the 1930's before Roe v. Wade as told to her by an older woman, Cora:

In 1934, at the age of twenty-five, she got engaged again, after a five-year period when "dates were a lot harder to come by than before the crash." But before she and her fiancé, Paul Archer, had saved enough to marry, Cora got pregnant. Her family doctor directed her to an abortionist.

Shortly after the abortion, Cora and Paul did get married. The following year she got pregnant again and had another abortion because Paul had been laid off from his job at a sawmill and "we couldn't afford another mouth to feed." In those days, Cora told me, "you just asked your doctor if he could do something. Doctors understood how hard things were. When my daughter got in trouble in the mid-1950s, I couldn't believe it when she said her doctor wouldn't help."

Cora's daughter was born in 1938.… (page 217)

















Be wary of crisis pregnancy centers that give inaccurate medical information and exist to talk women out of having abortions, using false information and scare tactics.

















Embryonic stem cells
Embryonic stem cell research must never be decided by theories of when life begins, because we know the need for healing of the desperately ill. If you rush into a burning building where there is a two-year old child and embryonic stem cells; which do you rescue first?

Events in Countries that Limit Abortion
Twenty years ago in Brazil half of all pregnancies ended in abortion despite a very restrictive abortion law. At that time the largest maternal hospital in Bogotá, Colombia, used half its beds for women suffering complications from illegal abortions. In Spain a woman could be jailed six years for an illegal abortion, yet there were 300,000 to half a million yearly based on complications that were treated and deaths. Thousands leave Ireland and its restrictive laws for England to have safe abortions.

Between 1967 and 1985 most Western nations moderated their laws so abortions are safely performed in sterile surroundings by trained medical professionals. After several years of use Mifepristone has proven safe when properly used with careful physician care.

Is it obvious that laws to limit abortions don't? Instead of stopping abortions, women find abortionists or worse do it themselves, which makes many women seriously ill and kills some.

Pro-choice stuff
For a wide range of pro-choice bumper stickers, buttons, t-shirts go to http://www.prochoiceproject.com